JD Program Requirements - Upper Years

Mandatory Courses

Of the 60 units required in upper years, only Civil Procedure, Administrative Law, Business Organizations and the second Constitutional Law course, focusing on the division of powers, are mandatory. This provides students with the necessary flexibility to decide their program based on their needs and interests, while gaining a solid common law training.

Major Paper Requirement

The Major Paper Requirement is designed to provide each student with an opportunity to demonstrate legal research and writing skills in the context of an extended piece of written analysis. Major papers, typically ranging in length from five thousand to ten thousand words, will either present an original thesis, reform proposal, or critique regarding a particular legal issue, or will synthesize cases, legislation and commentary in some field of law for the purpose of clarification or evaluation. The major paper will represent not less than 50 per cent of the grade assigned in the course for which it is written, and must be enrolled with the Common Law Student Centre of the Faculty.

Please consult the Major Paper enrollment form

Major Paper Definition

  1. A major paper should:
    • present an original thesis, reform proposal or critique regarding a particular legal issue or area of law so as to provide a reader familiar with the issues with valuable knowledge or insights; or
    • synthesize the existing literature (cases, legislation and commentary) relating to a particular area of law in order to either clarify a difficult area, speculate as to the application to new issues, or evaluate the existing law.
  2. The presentation should be clear and finished.
  3. The paper should comprise 5,000 to 10,000 words (approximately 20 to 40 typed, double-spaced pages, excluding footnotes and bibliography). A professor may authorise an exception to the length of a paper when its originality and importance warrant it.
  4. A major paper should count for not less than 50% of the grade assigned in the course/seminar for which the paper is written. Students must select at least one course (during their second or third year) in which the method of evaluation is a major paper.
  5. You must enroll one major paper with the Common Law Student Centre.
  6. To satisfy the major paper requirement, the student must receive a passing grade on the major paper itself. It is not sufficient to pass the course for which the major paper is written.

Oral Advocacy Requirement

The Oral Advocacy Requirement ensures that each student has had training and experience in making oral representations on behalf of a client in one of a range of settings. The requirement may be fulfilled in a variety of ways, including a basic moot court course where appellate advocacy skills are demonstrated and applied. Participation in moot court competitions with other law schools will also satisfy the oral advocacy requirement. Alternatively, intensive practical seminar courses in trial advocacy or interviewing, counseling and negotiation can satisfy this requirement. Student involvement in course work associated with the Community Legal Clinic is a further way to satisfy the oral advocacy requirement. In this context, students will have had specific responsibility for making representations, possibly including court appearances, in relation to designated client files.

List of approved courses for fulfilling the requirement - English Program (these courses may not all be offered every year):

  • CML2101    Appellate Advocacy   
  • CML2320    Mediation Theory and Practice   
  • CML2321    Alternative Dispute Resolution Processes  
  • CML3119    Studies in Oral Advocacy   
  • CML3120    Moot Court Competition   
  • CML3121    Gale Cup Moot   
  • CML3125    National Aboriginal Law Moot: Kawaskimhon "Speaking With Knowledge"   
  • CML3127    Wilson Moot Competition    
  • CML3128    Willem C. Vis International Commercial Arbitration Moot    
  • CML3132    Willms & Shier Environmental Law Moot   
  • CML3139    WTO/ELSA WTO Law Moot   
  • CML3140    Canadian Corporate/Securities Competition   
  • CML3142    Intellectual property Law Moot    
  • CML3154    Trial Advocacy   
  • CML3158    Criminal Justice  Trial Advocacy   
  • CML3165    Arnup Cup   
  • CML3180    Environmental Law Clinic  
  • CML3234    Labour Law II  
  • CML3248    Introduction Legal Aid Clinic Course  
  • CML3250    Advanced Clinical Course in Community Law
  • CML3313    Interviewing & Counseling  
  • CML3315    Negotiation   
  • CML3317    Corporate Immigration Advocacy   
  • CML3366    Family Conflicts Resolution: Collaborative Family Law
  • CML3385    International Trade and Investment Law Practicum
  • CML3388    Intellectual Property Litigation
  • CML3391    Dispute Resolution in Family Law
  • CML3449    Clinical Legal Aid II   
  • CML3450    Clinical Legal Aid III
  • CML3524    Tribunal-école Moncton-Ottawa  
  • CML3922    Tribunal-école international Philip C. Jessup / Philip C. Jessup International Moot
  • CML3923    Coupe Laskin / Laskin Moot
  • CML4100    Dispute Resolution Practicum
  • CML4116    Advanced Refugee Law
  • CML4305    Advocacy Before International Tribunals
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