We are pleased to announce the winner of the CELGS Environmental Essay Contest 2019. Steve Lorteau is a graduate of University of Ottawa’s JD National Program. He is interested in the role of non-state actors in international climate change and international environmental law.
The winning paper is titled "Carbon Contractual Fees: A Proposal". It proposes the ‘contractual carbon fee’ as a novel governance instrument to guide non-state climate change mitigation efforts. At its core, the contractual carbon fee is a privatized carbon tax: one contracting party agrees to pay a fee on its GHG emissions, while another agrees to enforce the commitment to pay the contractual carbon fee. This paper demonstrates the potential for contractual carbon fees as an instrument of private environmental governance for both self-interested economic actors and for society.